Transscrotal orchidopexy for palpable cryptorchid testis: follow-up and outcomes

  • Alfonso Papparella | alfonso.papparella@unicampania.it Pediatric Surgery, Department of Women, Children, General, and Specialist Surgery, Campania University “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3846-7872
  • Giovanni Cobellis Pediatric Surgery, Salesi Children’s Hospital, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona, Italy.
  • Laura De Rosa Pediatric Surgery, Department of Women, Children, General, and Specialist Surgery, Campania University “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy.
  • Carmine Noviello Pediatric Surgery, Salesi Children’s Hospital, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona, Italy.

Abstract

We retrospectively reviewed the results of transscrotal orchidopexy in the surgical management of palpable testis. From January 2014 to June 2017, 130 male children with a total of 140 palpable undescended testes (UDT) underwent transscrotal orchidopexy. The charts were retrospectively reviewed for demographic data, preoperative position and mobility of the testis, patency of the peritoneal vaginal duct (PVD), and post-operative complications. The resting position of the testis and its traction towards the scrotum were assessed before surgery and under anaesthesia. The mean age of the patients was 4.6 years. The position of the testis assessed at surgery was in most cases at the external inguinal ring (62.8%), at the neck of the scrotum (15.7%), in the inguinal canal (12.8%), or in an ectopic position (8,5%). A PVD was found in 66 testes (47.1%). Two surgical cases required an inguinal incision. In each patient, the postoperative course was unremarkable. The testicle at 1-year follow-up was in a scrotal position in 134 cases, but 6 patients required a second surgical intervention for re-ascent of the testis. No testicular atrophy or inguinal hernias were observed. Transscrotal orchidopexy is a simple and effective procedure for the treatment of palpable UDT. The incidence of complications is low and manageable, with rapid postoperative recovery and early resumption of normal activities.

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Published
2018-10-03
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Keywords:
Undescended testis, Palpable testis, Orchidopexy, Transscrotal orchidopexy, High scrotal orchidopexy
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How to Cite
Papparella, A., Cobellis, G., De Rosa, L., & Noviello, C. (2018). Transscrotal orchidopexy for palpable cryptorchid testis: follow-up and outcomes. La Pediatria Medica E Chirurgica, 40(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/pmc.2018.191