Laparoscopic Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy for intra-abdominal cryptorchid testis: a single institution experience
Fowler-Stephens Laparoscopic Orchiopexy (FSLO) permits the mobilization of Intra-Abdominal Testis (IAT) to the scrotal position after spermatic vessel ligation. We reported our experience of FSLO for IAT. The charts of all boys who underwent a FSLO were retrospectively reviewed. Data were analysed for demographic data, procedure, complications and follow-up results. From January 2008 to June 2016, 160 laparoscopies for Non Palpable Testis (NPT) were performed at a mean age of 3,2 years. 61% of patients had a right NPT, while 6% were bilateral. In 64 cases, an IAT was found: 20 were managed by FSLO with a two-stage procedure in 11 patients. There were no differences in hospitalisations; one patient had a prolonged ileus. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 8 years. Of the 20 patients who underwent FSLO, testicular atrophy developed in three; the remaining testes were in the scrotal position, with normal consistency. FSLO was applied in 31% of IAT. The overall success rate of the technique was 85 %. The percentage of atrophy associated after spermatic vessels interruption appears to provide a good chance of testicular survival.
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