Effectiveness of web-based play therapy intervention in supporting the development of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
The high prevalence of children with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Indonesia has become a concern for nursing because ADHD might emerge as neurological developmental problems if not treated early through appropriate intervention. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of web-based play therapy on the emotional, behavioural and social development of school-age children with ADHD. This study employs a quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group design with purposive sampling technique, and 126 children with ADHD (patients at a psychiatric hospital in Indonesia) as participants. The results show that play therapy is an effective intervention for the emotional, behavioural and social development of school-age children with ADHD (p = 0.048, p = 0.030, p = 0.030; α= 0.05). This study is recommended as a reference for optimising nursing care for children with ADHD using information technology in the form of web-based play therapy designed in line with the fundamentals of intervention for children with ADHD, using attractive features and flexible access.
Alkaff M, Khatimi H, Sari Y, Darmawan P, Primananda R. Android based expert sistem to detect types of ADHD. J Teknol Inf dan Ilmu Komput 2019;6:135–40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25126/jtiik.2019621265
Danielson ML, Bitsko RH, Ghandour RM, et al. Prevalence of parent-reported ADHD diagnosis and associated treatment among U.S. children and adolescents, 2016. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018;47:199–212. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2017.1417860
Sasono CK, Setiawati Y, Irwanto I. Correlation Between children’s temperament and risk factor of attention deficit/hyperactivity disodrer in elementary school. Biomol Heal Sci J 2019;2:17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20473/bhsj.v2i1.12756
Kusumasari D, Junaedi D, Kaburuan ER. Designing an interactive learning application for ADHD children. MATEC Web Conf 2018;197:4–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201819716008
Mitrpanont J, Bousai B, Soonthornchart N, et al. iCare-ADHD: A mobile application prototype. Seventh ICT Int Student Proj Conf 2018;2018–21.
Pandian GSB, Jain A, Raza Q, Sahu KK. Digital health interventions (DHI) for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children - a comparative review of literature among various treatment and DHI. Psychiatry Res. 2021;297. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.113742
Zakershoshtari M, Bozorgi ZD. The effectiveness of play therapy on reduction of the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Asian Soc Sci 2016;12:188–92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v12n6p188
Crepaldi M, Colombo V, Mottura S, et al. Antonyms: A computer game to improve inhibitory control of impulsivity in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In 2020;11:1–10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/info11040230
Boro MFV, Hariyati RTS. The use of telenursing through the nursing care. Jendela Nurs J 2019;3:114–21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31983/jnj.v3i2.5411
Oppenheimer J, Ojo O, Antonetty A, et al. Timely interventions for children with ADHD through web-based monitoring algorithms. Diseases 2019;7:20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases7010020
Wiguna T, Ismail RI, Kaligis F, et al. Developing and feasibility testing of the Indonesian computer-based game prototype for children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Heliyon 2021;7:e07571. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07571
Sánchez M, Lavigne R, Romero JF, Elósegui E. Emotion regulation in participants diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, before and after an emotion regulation intervention. Front Psychol 2019;10:1–10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01092
Ragnarsdottir B, Hannesdottir DK, Halldorsson F, Njardvik U. Gender and age differences in social skills among children with ADHD: Peer problems and prosocial behavior. Child Fam Behav Ther 2018;40:263–78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07317107.2018.1522152
Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 21 Tahun 20220 Tentang Rencana Strategis Kementrian Kesehatan Tahun 2020-202. [Regulation of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number 21 of 20220 concerning the Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Health for 2020-2020] 2020;1–9.
Merlo G, Chiazese G, Ferreira M, et al. The WHAAM application: a tool to support the evidence-based practice in the functional behaviour assessmentThe WHAAM application: a tool to support the evidence-based practice in the functional behaviour assessment. J Innov Heal Informatics 2018;25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14236/jhi.v25i2.919
El-Nagger NS, Abo-Elmagd MH, Ahmed HI. Effect of applying play therapy on children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Nurs Educ Pract 2017;7:104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v7n5p104
Rushton S, Giallo R, Efron D. ADHD and emotional engagement with school in the primary years: Investigating the role of student – teacher relationships. 2019; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12316
Mowlem F, Agnew-Blais J, Taylor E, Asherson P. Do different factors influence whether girls versus boys meet ADHD diagnostic criteria? Sex differences among children with high ADHD symptoms. Psychiatry Res 2019;272:765–73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.128
Arnold LE, Hodgkins P, Kahle J, et al. Long-term outcomes of ADHD: Academic achievement and performance. J Atten Disord 2020;24:73–85. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054714566076
Mustafaoglu N, Unal D, Cak T, et al. Comparative analysis of the WISC-IV in a clinical setting: ADHD vs. non-ADHD. Arch Pediatr 2021;28:16–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2020.11.001
Klupp S, Möhring W, Lemola S, Grob A. Relations between fine motor skills and intelligence in typically developing children and children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Res Dev Disabil 2021;110:103855. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2021.103855
Molina-Carballo A, Cubero-Millán I, Fernández-López L, et al. Methylphenidate ameliorates the homeostatic balance between levels of kynurenines in ADHD children. Psychiatry Res 2021;303. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114060
Mei Rong, Huang F, Zhao MJ, et al. A comparison of efficacy between cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and CBT combined with medication in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychiatry Res 2019;279:23–33. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.06.040
Safavi P, Saberzadeh M, Tehrani AM. Factors associated with treatment adherence in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Indian J Psychol Med 2019;41:252–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_456_18
Guhn M, Emerson SD, Mahdaviani D, Gadermann AM. Associations of birth factors and socio-economic status with indicators of early emotional development and mental health in childhood: a population-based linkage study. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2020;51:80–93. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-019-00912-6
Slobodin O, Crunelle CL. Mini review: Socio-cultural influences on the link between ADHD and SUD. Front Public Heal 2019;7:1–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00173
Copyright (c) 2023 the Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.